Many . candidates at these universities view the . as a formality and elect not to receive it in order to avoid the paperwork and costs involved. However, some programs do not offer an en route . or . , so the . is the first opportunity to receive a degree between the bachelor's and ; others may elect not to take the nominally lower . or . degree in favor of the . or the itself. Some colleges and universities, such as the College of the Atlantic , the University of Michigan ,  the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Utah , offer a standalone . degree in various fields.
Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research (FMI) funds approximately 100 graduate students from more than 25 countries for International PhD Program. The duration of PhD course is 4 years. After successful completion of the research project, submission of a written thesis and a thesis defense, the candidate receives a PhD from the University of Basel. Financial support is provided in accordance with the scale of the Swiss National Science Foundation. To be considered for this program, applicants must hold an MS degree or equivalent, and have a strong background in cell, molecular or computational biology. Deadline: There are two deadlines each year in May and November.
Before applying for a PhD Programme you should know that Germany does not have a system of graduate schools, centers and colleges. In fact there is no binding curriculum that guides a student throughout the programme. Therefore it is clear that a student can choose from a variety of programmes, precisely the programme that inspires him/her the most for a Doctoral Research. However any Doctoral Research is incomplete without submission of thesis or dissertation substantiating the research work you have undertaken. And as a matter of fact this thesis or piece of dissertation ought to be validated by an authority in the subject. So prior to carrying out an Independent Research, the students are supposed to get their Research Proposal authenticated by a Supervising Professor. The Supervising Professor keeps evaluating and directing the research periodically.