Because your abstract will be published in Masters Abstracts International or in Dissertation Abstracts International , please write and proofread it carefully. When possible, avoid including symbols or foreign words in your abstract, as they cannot be indexed or searched. Avoid mathematical formulas, diagrams, and other illustrative materials in the abstract. Offer a brief description of your thesis or dissertation and a concise summary of its conclusions. Be sure to describe the subject and focus of your work with clear details and avoid including lengthy explanations or opinions.
As you conduct research, you are likely to realise that the topic that you have focused on is more complex than you realised when you first defined your research question. The research is still valid even though you are now aware of the greater size and complexity of the problem. A crucial skill of the researcher is to define clearly the boundaries of their research and to stick to them . You may need to refer to wider concerns; to a related field of literature; or to alternative methodology; but you must not be diverted into spending too much time investigating relevant, related, but distinctly separate fields.
When you are first starting out in a postgraduate program (schooling after a bachelor’s degree), you’ll need to start thinking about your dissertation topic. It’s likely you’ll at least get a couple of months to decide on what you want to write; sometimes, you’ll get as long as a year. Eventually, though, you will need to write a dissertation proposal. Although your school will most likely have guidelines in place that they want you to follow, writing a dissertation proposal can be a daunting task. To write a good dissertation it is important to first come up with a great topic, and then progress through the steps of writing the proposal itself.