As Sephardic Jews moved to Palestine from the beginning of the twentieth century, they brought their folk songs along with them. The first attempts to bring them to the attention to the western public was in the 1930's by singer Bracha Zefira, who heard the songs from the Sephardic community in Jerusalem and recorded them as art songs in conjunction with song-writer Nahum Nardi and composers of Israeli classical music. In 1955, the Ladino section of Radio "Kol Israel" was opened under the direction of song collector and singer, Isaac Levi, which allowed for the popularization of Sephardic songs in new arrangements. Two singers of Sephardic descent who attained national fame in the 60's were Avraham Perrera and Yehoram Gaon, the latter starring in the concert performance of " Romancero Sephardi " by Itzhak Navon in 1968. Navon , president of Israel from 1978 to 1983, has always been particularly concerned with preserving Sephardic heritage. In 1969 he wrote the musical " Bustan Sephardi " [The Sephardic garden], a musical based upon the songs in the collections of Isaac Levy and dealing with the life of a Sephardic neighbourhood in Jerusalem. It was very popular during the 1970's, and the revival in 1998 has proved to be even more popular than before. Since the commemoration in 1992 of 500 years since the expulsion of the Jews from Spain, Ladino songs have become enthusiastically acclaimed by Jew and non-Jew, Sephardic and Ashkenazi, all over the world.
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