At the time, Sherman decided that because of the hot summer weather and the exhaustion of his men, he should postpone any movement on Meridian. Simultaneously, however, he became determined to rid the state of its guerrilla elements and other Confederate forces that harassed river traffic and posed a threat to the Mississippi River itself. Convinced that a strike at Meridian could stymie these forces, at every opportunity he pressed his request to take the town. His plan suggested the possibility of an amphibious assault near Mobile, a large cavalry raid, numerous feints, or a march of more than twenty thousand infantry straight across a hundred and fifty miles of enemy territory.
In the early 16th century, northern India, being then under mainly Muslim rulers,  fell again to the superior mobility and firepower of a new generation of Central Asian warriors.  The resulting Mughal Empire did not stamp out the local societies it came to rule, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices   and diverse and inclusive ruling elites,  leading to more systematic, centralised, and uniform rule.  Eschewing tribal bonds and Islamic identity, especially under Akbar , the Mughals united their far-flung realms through loyalty, expressed through a Persianised culture, to an emperor who had near-divine status.  The Mughal state's economic policies, deriving most revenues from agriculture  and mandating that taxes be paid in the well-regulated silver currency,  caused peasants and artisans to enter larger markets.  The relative peace maintained by the empire during much of the 17th century was a factor in India's economic expansion,  resulting in greater patronage of painting , literary forms, textiles, and architecture .  Newly coherent social groups in northern and western India, such as the Marathas , the Rajputs , and the Sikhs , gained military and governing ambitions during Mughal rule, which, through collaboration or adversity, gave them both recognition and military experience.  Expanding commerce during Mughal rule gave rise to new Indian commercial and political elites along the coasts of southern and eastern India.  As the empire disintegrated, many among these elites were able to seek and control their own affairs. 
At about the same time, the government's urban relocation program gave tribal members who no longer had a reservation — as well as members who did — a place to go to try and assimilate into mainstream society. The cities were seen as offering better job opportunities than the poor reservations. As we see in A Seat at the Drum , the relocation program did succeed in moving large numbers of Indians to urban areas, isolating them from their reservations. But, the program did not succeed in finding new and better jobs for many of its clients. Ironically, it was the children of the urban Indian pioneers who became some of the most vocal activists in the 1960s.