Social agencies such as the YMCA and YWCA, as well as Boys and Girls Clubs, and Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts, provided most of the organized sports to youth in America prior to 1954.  While athletics was encouraged by the social gospel movement, youth sports were often organized by youth themselves through the social agencies.  This shifted to adults organizing youth sports programs, which was exemplified with the advent of Little League Baseball by Carl Stotz.  Little League Baseball was formed in 1939, with a three team league, while in 1954, there were 70,000 participants.  Evidently, organized youth athletics grew rapidly throughout the Twentieth Century in America. There were multiple reasons to support youth athletics programs, but one that was mostly agreed upon was “the notion of providing wholesome, character-building activities to occupy the leisure time of children and youth, to enable them to make the transition from childhood to adulthood.” 
The Community Youth Center, funded by the Hofmann Foundation, is a unique athletic training facility for young athletes ages 4-18. The philosophy of the center is that children develop discipline, confidence and self-esteem through participation in sports and academic excellence. Sports activities include rhythmic gymnastics, gymnastics, dance, boxing, wrestling, Tae Kwon Do, judo, cheerleading, and weight training. The center is a state-of-the-art facility located at 2241/2251 Galaxy Court in Concord. Monthly dues of $20 allows participation in a variety of classes and programs. Family discounts and partial scholarships are available. For further information call (925) 671-7070 or visit .
Several rare but painful episodes of assassination , attempted assassination and school shootings at elementary, middle, high schools as well as colleges and universities in the United States led to a considerable body of research on ascertainable behaviours of persons who have planned or carried out such attacks. These studies (1995–2002) investigated what the authors called "targeted violence," described the "path to violence" of those who planned or carried out attacks, and laid out suggestions for law enforcement and educators. A major point from these research studies is that targeted violence does not just "come out of the blue".